What is Refined from a Barrel of Crude?

Basic Petroleum Statistics

Information taken from US Energy Information Administration April, 2006

Gallons of Oil per Barrel42
Barrels of Oil per Metric Ton (U.S.)7.33
U.S. Crude Oil Production5,419,000 barrels/day
State Ranking of Crude Oil ProductionTexas - 1,073,000 barrels/day
U.S. Crude Oil Imports10,088,000 barrels/day
U.S. Crude Oil Imports from OPEC5,042,000 barrels/day
Top U.S. Crude Oil SupplierCanada - 1,616,000 barrels/day
U.S. Petroleum Product Imports3,057,000 barrels/day
U.S. Petroleum Product Imports from OPEC659,000 barrels/day
U.S. Net Petroleum Imports12,097,000 barrels/day
Top U.S. Total Petroleum SupplierCanada - 2,138,000 barrels/day
Top Oil Producing Countries & Exporters#1 - Saudi Arabia
Top Oil Consuming Countries & Importers#1 - United States
U.S. Total Petroleum Exports1,048,000 barrels/day
U.S. Petroleum Consumption20,731,000 barrels/day
Dependence on Net Petroleum Imports (2005)59.8%
Crude Oil Domestic First Price wellhead price $71.62/barrel
(as of 06/12/2006)
Motor Gasoline Retail Prices U.S. City Average$2.34/gallon
Regular Grade Motor Gasoline Retail Prices U.S. City Average (2005)$2.30/gallon
Premium Motor Gasoline Retail Prices U.S. City Average (2005)$2.49/gallon
Federal Motor Gasoline Tax18.4 cents/gallon
U.S. Motor Gasoline Consumption9,105,000 barrels/day (382.4 million gallons/day)
Share of US Oil Consumption for Transportation67%
U.S. Average Home Heating Oil Price (2005)$2.05/gallon (excluding taxes)
Number of U.S. Operable Petroleum Refineries148
Ranking of U.S. Refining Capacity#1 - Baytown, Texas (ExxonMobil) 557,000 barrels/day
Top U.S. Petroleum Refining States#1 - Texas 4,628,000 barrels/day
U.S. Proved Reserves of Crude Oil as of December 31, 200421,371 million barrels
Top U.S. Oil Fields as of December 31, 2004Prudhoe Bay, AK
Top U.S. Producing Companies as of December 31, 2004BP - 827,000 barrels/day
U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve676 million barrels


What is refined from a Barrel of Oil

A barrel of Petroleum Crude Oil is 42 US gallons.

Gasoline (Motor Fuel) 45.0%

Distillate Fuel Oil 25.6%

  • Home Heating Oil
  • Diesel Fuel
  • Refinery Fuels
  • Industrial Fuels

Kerosene Jet Fuel 9.8%

Petroleum Coke 5.5%

  • Carbon Electrodes
  • Coke (fuel)

Still Gas (refinery fuel) 4.4%

Residual Fuel Oils 4.3%

  • Boiler fuels
  • Refinery fuels
  • Bunker Fuels
  • IFO?s (Industrial Fuel Oils)
  • MFO?s (Marine Fuel Oils)
  • Wood preservatives

Liquefied Refinery Gases 3.6%

  • Petrochemical Feedstocks
  • Heating
  • Cooking
  • Synthetic materials (rubber)

Asphalt and Road Oil 3.1%

  • Paving
  • Roofing
  • Waterproofing

Petrochemical Feedstocks 2.4%

  • Alcohols (not for consumption)
  • Resins
  • Fibers
  • Medicines
  • Cosmetics
  • Plastics
  • Detergents

Lubricants 1.1%

  • Motor Oil
  • Lubricating Oils
  • Transmission Oils
  • Household Oils
  • Spindle Oils
  • Greases

Kerosene .05%

  •  Illumination
  • Space Heating
  • Cooking
  • Motor Fuel

Special Naphtha?s 0.2%

Aviation Gasoline 0.1%

Waxes .01%

  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Candy
  • Chewing Gum
  • Candles
  • Matches
  • Crayons
  • Pencils
  • Sealing Wax
  • Canning Wax

Miscellaneous Products 0.4%

  • Specialty oils
  • Machinery oils
  • Petroleum jelly
  • Acids
  • Fertilizers
  • Ointments
  • Food processing

Note: Due processing gains made during the refining processes the percentages add up to more than 100%.

Source: US Energy Information Administration